Accepted Abstracts

Alfred Russel Walace and His South-east Asian Heritage

Gathorne, Earl of Cranbrook*
Great Glemham House, Saxmundham IP17 1LP, United Kingdom


During his lifetime (8 January 1823 to 7 November 1913), Alfred Russel Wallace was publicly acclaimed as the independent discoverer (as he put it), or co-originator with Charles Darwin, of the theory of evolution by natural selection, first outlined by a joint presentation at a meeting of the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the decade leading up to the centenary of his death, there has been a literary outburst, including new biographies, anthologies, an academic review, journal articles, conferences and debates, radio broadcasts and TV programmes. Abstract available for download below.

An Inordinate Fondness for Beetles: The Hero’s Journey of Alfred Russel Wallace in Southeast Asia

Paul Sochaczewski
9 Chemin des Manons, 1218 Le Grand Saconnex, Switzerland


Alfred Russel Wallace, a self-described “beetle collector,” spent eight years in the mid-19th century exploring territories which are now Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Wallace caught, skinned and pickled 125,660 specimens of “natural productions” including 212 new species of birds, 900 new species of beetles and 200 new species of ants. Abstract available for download below.

Alfred Russel Wallace, Nature’s Prophet: from Natural Selection to Natural Theology

Michael A. Flannery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
1720 Second Avenue S., Birmingham, AL 35294-0013, USA

Despite considerable research into this famed naturalist’s life and work, the metaphysical views of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) remain controversial. This paper seeks resolution in Wallace’s experiences in the Malay Archipelago that presaged his own turn towards a comprehensive natural theology. Abstract available for download below.

Is Wallace’s Line a Barrier to Nipah Virus? The Distribution of Henipaviruses in Southeast Asia and Australasia

Andrew C. Breed12*, Joanne Meers2, Indrawati Sendow3, Katharine N. Bossart4, Jennifer A. Barr4, Ina Smith4, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee5, Linfa Wang4 and Hume E. Field6
*1 Epidemiology, Surveillance and Risk Group, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, UK
2 School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
3 Balai Besar Penelitian Veteriner, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia
4 Australian Animal Health Laboratory, CSIRO Livestock Industries, East Geelong, Victoria, Australia
5 Neuroscience Center for Research and Development, Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
6 Biosecurity Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Nipah virus (NiV) (Genus Henipavirus) is a recently emerged zoonotic virus that causes severe disease in humans and has been found in bats of the genus Pteropus. Whilst NiV has not been detected in Australia, evidence for NiV-infection has been found in pteropid bats in Malaysia and Indonesia. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of henipaviruses in fruit bat (Family Pteropodidae) populations to the north of Australia. Abstract available for download below.

Monsoon, Mosquitoes and Malaria in the Malay Archipelago: Alfred Russel Wallace’s Journey (1854–1862)

Rethy K. Chhem
Institute of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine
Ulm University, Germany

While most historians used Alfred Russel Wallace’s malaria attack as a dramatic context that inspired him to develop his theory of evolution, few have ever probed into the history of Wallace’s struggle against malaria. Abstract available for download below.

Diversity of Butterflies in Mount Serumbu, Bau, Sarawak

Pang Sing Tyan and Alexender Kiew Sayok
Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan
Sarawak, Malaysia


Two 4-day surveys were carried out at altitude 347 m ASL on Mount Serembu, Bau, Sarawak, during September 2012 and January 2013, traditionally a dry and a wet season, respectively. Abstract available for download below.

Hominin Diversity in East Asia during the Pleistocene

Darren Curnoe
Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia


The study of human evolution in East Asia has attracted considerable interest in the last decade. The hominin fossil record from this region now indicates the presence of considerable species diversity during the Pleistocene. Abstract available for download below.

Taxonomic Studies of Selected Species of Genus Echinochloa based on Morpho-anatomical Markers from Pakistan

Shabnum Shaheen
Plant taxonomy Lab, Department of Botany, Lahore College for Women University
Lahore, Pakistan

The aim of the present study is the morphological studies and Light microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy of the leaf epidermis and pollen in order to describe grass anatomy and palynology in a consistent manner and to record diagnostic characters for use in identification and taxonomic studies of the genus Echinochloa from Pakistan. Abstract available for download below.

Herbal Plants in Traditional Malay Culture: their Medicinal and Commercial Potentials

Othman Yatim
Malay and Islamic Art, Academy of Malay Studies
University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

A great variety of herbs have been exploited by the Malays since immemorial as alternative medicine. However, these plants were largely unexploited commercially. Abstract available for download below.

Historical Biogeography of Southeast Asian Hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae)

Juan-Carlos T. Gonzalez
Animal Biology Division, Institute of Biological Sciences
College of Arts & Sciences, and Museum of Natural History
University of the Philippines Los Baños, College, Laguna 4031, Philippines

Hornbills (Aves: Order Bucerotiformes) represent a charismatic group of large tropical birds from Africa and Asia, characterized by syndactyl feet, a distinctive casque on the bill and a unique trait of nest-sealing. Abstract available for download below.

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Supported by

Santubong Nature Festival

9 - 10 November 2013


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